Balance: The position a dog will choose to hold stock together most effectively in relation to the handler. This is usually at the 6 O`clock or 12 O`clock position.
Cast: The dogs ability to run in a wide arc or curve around the mob
Cover: The dogs ability to keep the mob together by covering any possible escape
Driving: The dog is moving the stock away from the handler in a given direction.
Eye: dog will "stalk"the stock with the head lowered in a predatory stance, staring intently at the stock.
Fetch: The dog will move the stock towards the handler.
Flight zone: Distance the dog can approach before the stock moves. The flight zone is dynamic and its size and shape depends on several factors (breed, age, disposition, temperament, past handling, the dogs approach and the psychological and physical state of the animal)
Gather: The dog will bring stock together from a scattered position, into a group.
Herding Instinct: Natural desire to work stock
Lift: The initial push the dog uses to move stock.
Power/ Force: The possession of the dogs presence that allows them to control and move stock. (bark,grip,eye)
Pressure point: The exact position and distance the dog needs to be to get stock moving efficiently.
Sticky: A dog that shows eye so intent on the stock, it appears to be mesmerised and becomes frozen.